Hitman Smashes Match winning Hundred vs South Africa @CWC 2019 >>>>>>>>>>>>>


Team India had their batting worries even before they played their first match in the cricket world cup, with both their openers Rohit Sharma and Shikhar Dhawan being in terribly poor form. No team would be blessed to have extremely talented openers as that of Rohit-Dhawan pair but when your best batsmen at the top of the order are in bad form, especially when you are into the world cup with people behind you, the entire nation and fans have high expectations from you due to your legends and ranking, it would hurt you, mainly if you are the captain of the team or the think tank in the dugout.

But legends rise to the occasion.

If not both, at least one of this pair rose to the occasion and in such a great way that all appreciations flowed his way. Yes, I am speaking about India’s HitmanRohit Sharma and the great innings he played to take India home with their first win in their first encounter of the world cup against South Africa.

India was playing their first match in the world cup against South Africa who had already lost their first two matches. If it was important for India to start with a confidence boosting win, it was equally important for South Africa to make a win out of this match to keep their hopes alive in this tournament.

South Africa, winning the toss and batting first never looked like they were playing in their comfort zone. They looked like playing defensive, on the back foot, especially after they had lost the first two matches, to make sure that they win this one against India. It is quite understandable. But I will not take away the credit from the Indian bowlers who bowled with such discipline that they crafted the way for Indian win in the first half of the match itself. It was Jasprit Bumrah, the Indian superman with the ball, who has been producing wonderful spells in every match he plays off late and has been a bad dream for every batsman, who gave a superb start for India. He broke havoc in the South African camp as he dismissed Hashim Amla who was returning after an injury and Quinton de Kock in quick succession keeping the Proteas at 24/2 in 6 overs. Bhuvaneshwar Kumar tightened the things and choked the run flow from the other end. To add to the woes of South Africa, Yuzvendra Chahal proved lethal. He dismissed 4 South African batsmen and made sure that the opponents did not settle down to make a big total. Hardik Pandya and Kuldeep Yadav provided the essential support from the other end.

At 89/5 in 23 overs with all known batsmen back in the pavilion India would have wished to chase a target close to 160 or 170 runs even if the lower order resisted. But India messed it up in the last 10 overs and let things loose as South Africa finished 227 for 9 in 50 overs. At a point, they were never looking to play out the entire allotted overs. Thanks to late assault and counter-attack by the lower order Leland PhehlukwayoChris Morris and Kagiso Rabada who came up with useful contributions. India were chasing 50 runs more than what they had expected to do. And whatever South Africa had scored was not less, seeing the depth of their bowling. But the bad news was that Dale Steyn was ruled out of the world cup due to injury and Ngidi was down and out for the same reason. So they bowled with deficit strength.

India always fancied their chances to chase this total down in quick time. But Kagiso Rabada spelt menace to the Indian Batting order. Both openers Shikhar and Rohit played defensive because they could not make big shots. The South African bowling was tight, straight, disciplined and up to the mark. Rabada and Morris dried up the Indian scoring. After early loss of Dhawan’s wicket, India was struggling at 14 runs on board in 7 overs. Even the versatile Virat Kohli was taken back and had no clue where to gather the runs from. When India lost Kohli who atypically played in his shell, almost scoring nothing, it looked like getting to the winning runs was an uphill task for Indian batsmen. 227 now looked like 350. Then the hitman opened up. He slowly started taking the attack to the opposition. He just needed good support from the other end and that was ably provided by useful contributions from K.L.Rahul and M.S.Dhoni.

Two big partnerships between Rohit and Rahul and later between Rohit and Dhoni made sure that India were cruising along towards the winning lane. South Africa bowlers too did not have any weapons left to attack once they had a clue that the Indian Batsmen were batting sensibly and not throwing their wickets. They were waiting for Indian batsmen to make mistakes but India played sensibly and with utmost caution. After all the hard work, they are not going to throw away this match. Rohit Sharma was the pioneer of this Indian win. Though it was not a typically hitman innings it was a super mature innings which came at the right time when India needed the most. To see Rohit bat with grit, like a saint was fascinating. Rohit guided India home with his superb ton. He remained unbeaten on 122 while Hardik Pandya gave the finishing touches in the way in which only he can bat. India won the match with 2 and half overs to spare.

What could have been an easy match for India was made difficult by the South African tail batsmen. What could have proved to be difficult was well sorted out by the hitman.

Chahal would have been easily the man of the match had India limited South Africa to 160 runs and easily chased it down. But those extra 50-60 runs that India chased in the difficult conditions to chase on a tricky wicket, the up-rise of hitman, and that important ton made Rohit Sharma the hero of the match. One needs to see that Rohit had scored more than half of the chase. And he dominated every partnership. The others stood and watched, just he played, and just he won the match for India.

India is considered as one of the contenders for winning this world cup and people have high expectations from Kohli and his boys. Kohli said that the expectations on his team are for the entire year and not just for the world cup and they have learnt to manage this pressure for years, during his pre-match interview. It is a statement of confidence. I wish that this does not open up the gates of being over-confidence for him or his team. But as starters, India will take this match and tick off a win column against one of the strongest teams in the competitions.

On the other side, team South Africa has lost three matches in a row. This will surely hurt them. Now they need to win almost every match they play and that would definitely be an acid test for their team. But strong teams and good teams will sort out their tough moments. I wish South Africa plan and execute everything they need to do to win their next match. I just hate seeing them being knocked out of contention tight in the mid-way of the tournament. They are not that bad side isn’t it?

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Famous Controvertible Concept : String Theory Amused ……………..


The world of physics is ruled by two leading theories, the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.

The general theory of relativity by Albert Einstein deals with gravity, a force produced by the space-time curve of celestial bodies where time follows a smooth and predictable path and is only valid at a big scale whereas quantum mechanics explains the behaviour of elementary particles at the quantum scale. Space-time curve and time follows a complex path which is fluctuating and jittery.

Let me tell you how…….

According to Quantum mechanics, a particle can be present at different places at the same time.

Isn’t it Astonishing!

If we apply quantum mechanics to celestial bodies, imagine having more than two suns, it will lead to total destruction of life. Also, we can not apply the general theory of relativity at the quantum scale because gravitational force cannot be explained at the microscopic level. Therefore, we need a unified theory. the theory of everything which could explain both general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.

The smallest known constituent of an ordinary matter is an atom, inside the atom, there are a nucleus and revolving electrons, inside the nucleus, they’re protons and neutrons and inside protons there exist quarks. Modern physics says quarks are the smallest particles of a matter.

Do quarks really are smallest known elementary particles?

Wait! Wait! Wait!

We left with a surprise

In 1968, Gabriel Veneziano found a 200 years old book with an aim to get equations of strong nuclear force, when he builds a structure using that information it came out to be a string rather than a spherically shaped particle. the string is a dancing filament of energy which vibrates in different patterns produced by different frequencies. If we would able to make a microscope to see the elementary particles than they would be in the form of strings.

Due to these predictions and anomalies, the string theory breaks down.

1. In 1973, John Schwartz working on a mathematical proof of string theory found that it is indicating towards a massless particle.

2. In 1990’s kaluza put a bold suggestion that there might be six extra dimensions which we do not experience in our day to day life as these dimensions could be large or small. String theory requires ten dimensions and one extra dimension of space to work accurately.

3. It predicts a particle with speed greater than the speed of light named tachyons.

In 1984, the mathematical calculations of the equations gave its left-hand side equal to the right-hand side n=496. The string theory was alive again. It was concluded that the massless particle is actually describing gravity named as the graviton. Graviton particle carries gravity at the quantum level.

We have always been curious to unlock the secrets of the universe but one-way or the other we are unsatisfied with our researchers.

The string theory was able to explain the biggest question.

What was there before the big bang?

According to string theory, 11th dimension space is stretched in the form of a membrane or brane where the universe is attached. when two vibrating membranes collide or a membrane split into two parts leads to the big bang.

Large Hadron Collider is the experiment working on it.

A large hadron collider is a machine in which particles in opposite directions near the speed of light are made to collide and split into different elementary particles. If the amount of energy is less than the amount of energy before collision then we would be able to conclude that gravity fly off into higher dimensions due to its weak force of attraction.

What do you think……

Can string theory be theory of everything?

Namo 2.0 : It’s Harsh Reality @LS Elections 2019 Exclusive >>>>>>>>>>>


As the results of the much anticipated Lok Sabha elections in India unfold themselves this day, it is clear that Narendra Damodardas Modi is all set to occupy the Prime Minister’s chair of India once again. In this avatar of Modi 2.0, BJP is looking set to get a majority on its own and NDA as a pre poll alliance is expected to beat its 2014 tally! First things first. This is a remarkable feat for an incumbent to not just return but return with a better performance than the 1st term and so kudos are in order!

As much as the return of Modi as the prime minister was expected to a large extent, the scale and the ease of this victory was not expected till some of the exit polls predicted so. What were we told all this while? “Demonetisation hurt jobs and the poor. GST is still hurting traders. There is agrarian crisis all over. Job creation has hit a historic low. Minority are living under increasing fear. Economy is not growing enough. And since 2014, the Idea of India has been threatened”. And much more. So, in spite of the fact this this government did perform in areas of infrastructure like roads, highways, railways…, asset building in rural areas, reaching electricity to the hinterland,…,… we were told that these were not enough to re-elect Modi again that too with a clear majority.

That being the case, what explains this massive victory? What is behind the making of Modi 2.0? I call it the story of “M”s!

M for Modi: – Let there be no doubt in anyone’s mind people on this. People have not voted for BJP or the NDA. They have unequivocally voted for Narendra Modi! States like Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan which were lost by BJP are now being swept by them!  Modi has been seen as being earnest in his endeavour to fulfil promises he made. So, even if ALL the promises were not kept fully, people are being kind enough to give another chance. Programmes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Demonetisation, Toilet construction, rural electrification and Ujwala Yojana… are being seen as sincere attempts in improving living conditions in India. Though some of the programmes like Demonetisation faltered, people were willing to forgive and forget!

MODI 2.0

M for Mission mode: This is the difference between Vajpayee/Advani era BJP and Modi/Shah BJP. During NDA-1, after forming the government and running a reasonably good one at that for 6 years, BJP did not do anything to widen their base. But the BJP under Modi/Shah is a different kettle of fish. After having won a decisive mandate in 2014, did they keep quiet? They got into “Mission mode” in North East and then later Bengal and the results are there to see. For BJP, if 2014 was UP story, 2019 is Bengal+UP story! In 2019, when it was facing the spectre of the SP-BSP-RJD gathbandan, BJP activated its “Mission mode” to target 300 on its own! This by targeting areas like Orissa, Bengal and North East.

M for Machinery: This is linked to the above. That is of having a plan and executing the plan through an effective machinery. The party machinery under the leadership of Amit Shah works relentlessly in expanding their base within India. Not just during election time. This also means that BJP will now target states like Telangana, Kerala and Tamil Nadu next probably for 2024!

M for last Mile Delivery: It is one thing to announce programs. It is one thing to have a strategy in the board room. It is another thing to ensure last Mile delivery. Whether it is Jan Dhan Yojana or Ujwala Yojana or other Yojanas, Modi Government’s track record on last mile delivery has certainly made a difference to people. This is what has made BJP and Modi to hold on to their leads even in the face of a combined opposition in states like UP.

M for Marketing: The word “Marketing” is often derided upon as if it is a bad word! As a marketing professional myself, I have resented it often. And I have said that Marketing is not a bad thing at all and is a critical element in a product’s success or failure. In political arena, for a leader or for a party, it is not just enough to perform. But it is important to be “seen as performing”! In that sense, BJP as a party and Modi as a leader are miles ahead in terms of marketing themselves.  Some would say that Modi’s success is all about just marketing! I tend to disagree. One should not forget the fundamental mantra that even great marketing cannot save a bad product!  One can write a separate blog on BJP’s marketing but turning the Chowkidar Chor hai slogan of Congress on its head as Main bhi Chowkidar campaign in its favour is one example of some great marketing by BJP!

M for Models: One reason for Modi in the 1st place to earn credibility in 2014 was his famed “Gujarat model”. This credibility is important for people to take your promises seriously. And this is the problem with the opposition today. The main opposition party doesn’t have any credible model to point the people to! If today, the Congress promises “Nyay”, people are reluctant to take it seriously. Because, even in states which are ruled by Congress, they find it difficult to hold on. If Congress has to be taken seriously in future, they need to develop their own “models” which they can positively refer to.

I hear some of you saying that it is all just one “M” which is Modi! No victory is accomplished with one factor. It is usually a combination of factors. I believe that in the making of Modi 2.0, the mantras were the above so many “M”s! Now that Modi 2.0 has been accomplished, it is time to look ahead and focus on the agenda for Modi 2.0.

Global Quantum Internet : Is it Really Possible @2025 ……….


Quantum Internet promises next-generation ultra-secure communications, but is it actually feasible on a global scale?

Absolutely, after a new experiment between satellites in orbit and a station on the ground. The team of scientists was able to exchange several carefully managed photons in infrared light pulses that were passed between Russian GLONASS Satellites and the Space Geodesy Center on the ground of the Italian Space Agency.

It is no easy task to run these signals through about 20,000 kilometers of air and space without interruption or data loss – but there are signs that such a global network could actually work.

“Space quantum communication (QC) is a promising way to ensure unconditional safety for satellite-to-ground and satellite-to-satellite optical communications by using quantum information protocols as quantum key distribution (QKD),” says one of the researchers, Giuseppe Vallone of the University from Padua in Italy.

The quantum key distribution or QKD method mentioned by Vallone refers to data that has been encrypted using quantum mechanics: Thanks to the delicate nature of the technology, interference is quickly detected so that QKD communication can not be intercepted.

Indeed, hacking into a quantum mechanics message would cause it to self-destruct. Theoretically so good, but it has proven difficult to keep these secure channels open over long distances.

The key to successful data exchange was the use of passive retroreflectors mounted on the satellite to keep the high beam signals intact, exceeding the previous record distance for this type of quantum communication by an additional 15,000 kilometers (9,321 miles).

Although satellites, like the GLONASS satellites higher in orbit, are more difficult to communicate more reliably, they are becoming more visible at ground level, allowing for an inextricable quantum network that can span the globe.

We’re just starting on this kind of technology – not least because scientists are still trying to figure out if it can actually work – and right now it’s not clear what a quantum internet is being used for or what it might be like.

One idea is that this can become a specialized, very secure extension of the normal Internet used by a small selection of apps and devices. What we now know is that quantum communication between the ground and elevated satellites is possible, thereby expanding the potential reach of the new technology. This is important as the satellite networks we rely on are constantly evolving and upgrading.

“Satellite-based technologies enable a wide range of civil, scientific and military applications such as communications, navigation and timing, remote sensing, meteorology, reconnaissance, search and rescue, space exploration and astronomy,” says Vallone.

“At the heart of these systems is the secure transmission of information and data from orbiting satellites to Earth’s ground stations, protecting them from a malicious enemy is crucial for both military and civilian operations.”

Reference- Quantum Science and Technology Inter-nation Journal, May 2018.

Graphene should Revolutionize the development of Wearable Electronic Devices Envolved !!!!!!!!!!!!!!


Thanks to the application of the wonder material graphene, the quest for producing durable, affordable, and mass-produced “smart textiles” has been given a new push.

Headed by Professor Monica Craciun from the University of Exeter Engineering department, an international group of researchers has developed a novel method for producing fully electronic fibers that can be integrated into the production of day-to-day clothing.

The development of the current generation of wearable electronics involves fixing devices to fabrics, which could make them extremely rigid and prone to malfunctioning. However, in the latest study, the electronic devices are embedded in the material’s fabric, and this is done by coating electronic fibers with durable and lightweight components that will enable showing images directly on the fabric.

According to the scientists, the discovery could transform the development of wearable electronic devices for applications in many different day-to-day applications, and also medical diagnostics and health monitoring, like blood pressure and heart rates.

The international collaborative study has been reported in the scientific journal Flexible Electronics. Experts from the Centre for Graphene Science at the University of Exeter, CenTexBel in Belgium, and the Universities of Aveiro and Lisbon in Portugal took part in the study.

For truly wearable electronic devices to be achieved, it is vital that the components are able to be incorporated within the material, and not simply added to it.

Monica Craciun, Professor and Study Co-Author, Engineering Department, University of Exeter.

“Dr Elias Torres Alonso, former PhD student in Professor Craciun’s team at Exeter and now Research Scientist at Graphenea.”

“This new research opens up the gateway for smart textiles to play a pivotal role in so many fields in the not-too-distant future. By weaving the graphene fibres into the fabric, we have created a new technique to all the full integration of electronics into textiles. The only limits from now are really within our own imagination.”

Graphene is only one-atom thick, which makes it the thinnest substance with the ability to conduct electricity. It is also one of the strongest known materials and quite flexible. In recent years, the race has been on for engineers and scientists to adapt graphene for applications in wearable electronic devices.

The latest study applied existing polypropylene fibers—often employed in an array of commercial applications in the textile sector—to fix the novel, graphene-based electronic fibers to develop light-emitting and touch-sensor devices.

The innovative method means that the fabrics will be capable of integrating truly wearable displays but without the requirement for electrodes—wires of extra materials.

The incorporation of electronic devices on fabrics is something that scientists have tried to produce for a number of years, and is a truly game-changing advancement for modern technology.

“Saverio Russo, Professor and Study Co-Author, Physics Department, University of Exeter.”

The key to this new technique is that the textile fibres are flexible, comfortable and light, while being durable enough to cope with the demands of modern life.

“Dr Ana Neves, Study Co-Author, Engineering Department, University of Exeter.”

Earlier in 2015, an international group of researchers, including Dr Ana Neves, Professor Russo, and Professor Craciun from the University of Exeter, had developed a novel method to integrate flexible, transparent graphene electrodes into fibers often associated with the textile sector.

Graphene : The huge Perception is intimated to Semi-metal ripped >>>>>>>>>


Is Graphene the next big thing?

What’s graphene? It’s a two-dimensional carbon molecule mesh with individual carbon atoms arranged in a hexagon lattice. A single layer of carbon atoms in a kind of molecular crochet Or a kind of molecular atomic wire.

Graphene (via Wikipedia)

Think of a beehive honeycomb, but made of individual atoms. It’s the basic molecular structure from which many other allotropes of carbon are assembled, including graphite, diamond, charcoal, CNT & fullerenes.

Graphene has been around a while, discovered and re-discovered, but its very strange characteristics really began to be recognized in the 1990s. In fact, the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics went to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for their work on graphene. Graphene films are impervious to gas, have unusual electrical properties and are transparent to visible light, among other unusual properties. The obstacle to their widespread use is that they are difficult to make in the most useful, purest forms.

But the current excitement about graphene lies in their potential as a key component of a new generation of more powerful batteries. It turns out that if you take two graphene sheets and put lithium between them, you can pack the amount of lithium – and the potential for a high-density, high-powered battery – into the sandwich at very high levels. Instead of being stored as lithium carbide, as it is in a common lithium ion battery, it’s packed in as crystals of pure lithium, in a very dense form. The potential for energy storage may be as much as an order of magnitude higher than existing batteries.

Not that we are going to see those batteries in stores soon; there are still a lot of unresolved issues. Not only are the pure graphene sheets very difficult to make; the technologies that get the highest quality are not readily scalable. Nor does science know yet if graphene sheets will hold their structure longer than traditional carbon electrodes.

Graphene protective films? Flexible graphene semiconductors? Graphene room temperature superconductors? Still a ways out. But the promise of graphene is very encouraging.

Diwali: What’s the Festival of Joy and Prosperties @7 nov 2018


Households light dozens of little clay oil lamps, called diyas, to symbolise the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. The word “Diwali,” or “Deepawali” in Sanskrit, means “a row of lamps” in Sanskrit. So in literal sense Diwali means “Festival of Diyas” and not festival of crackers!!! This Diwali […]

via Diwali!!! — Aishwarya Jaju