Namo 2.0 : It’s Harsh Reality @LS Elections 2019 Exclusive >>>>>>>>>>>

As the results of the much anticipated Lok Sabha elections in India unfold themselves this day, it is clear that Narendra Damodardas Modi is all set to occupy the Prime Minister’s chair of India once again. In this avatar of Modi 2.0, BJP is looking set to get a majority on its own and NDA as a pre poll alliance is expected to beat its 2014 tally! First things first. This is a remarkable feat for an incumbent to not just return but return with a better performance than the 1st term and so kudos are in order!

As much as the return of Modi as the prime minister was expected to a large extent, the scale and the ease of this victory was not expected till some of the exit polls predicted so. What were we told all this while? “Demonetisation hurt jobs and the poor. GST is still hurting traders. There is agrarian crisis all over. Job creation has hit a historic low. Minority are living under increasing fear. Economy is not growing enough. And since 2014, the Idea of India has been threatened”. And much more. So, in spite of the fact this this government did perform in areas of infrastructure like roads, highways, railways…, asset building in rural areas, reaching electricity to the hinterland,…,… we were told that these were not enough to re-elect Modi again that too with a clear majority.

That being the case, what explains this massive victory? What is behind the making of Modi 2.0? I call it the story of “M”s!

M for Modi: – Let there be no doubt in anyone’s mind people on this. People have not voted for BJP or the NDA. They have unequivocally voted for Narendra Modi! States like Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan which were lost by BJP are now being swept by them!  Modi has been seen as being earnest in his endeavour to fulfil promises he made. So, even if ALL the promises were not kept fully, people are being kind enough to give another chance. Programmes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Demonetisation, Toilet construction, rural electrification and Ujwala Yojana… are being seen as sincere attempts in improving living conditions in India. Though some of the programmes like Demonetisation faltered, people were willing to forgive and forget!

MODI 2.0

M for Mission mode: This is the difference between Vajpayee/Advani era BJP and Modi/Shah BJP. During NDA-1, after forming the government and running a reasonably good one at that for 6 years, BJP did not do anything to widen their base. But the BJP under Modi/Shah is a different kettle of fish. After having won a decisive mandate in 2014, did they keep quiet? They got into “Mission mode” in North East and then later Bengal and the results are there to see. For BJP, if 2014 was UP story, 2019 is Bengal+UP story! In 2019, when it was facing the spectre of the SP-BSP-RJD gathbandan, BJP activated its “Mission mode” to target 300 on its own! This by targeting areas like Orissa, Bengal and North East.

M for Machinery: This is linked to the above. That is of having a plan and executing the plan through an effective machinery. The party machinery under the leadership of Amit Shah works relentlessly in expanding their base within India. Not just during election time. This also means that BJP will now target states like Telangana, Kerala and Tamil Nadu next probably for 2024!

M for last Mile Delivery: It is one thing to announce programs. It is one thing to have a strategy in the board room. It is another thing to ensure last Mile delivery. Whether it is Jan Dhan Yojana or Ujwala Yojana or other Yojanas, Modi Government’s track record on last mile delivery has certainly made a difference to people. This is what has made BJP and Modi to hold on to their leads even in the face of a combined opposition in states like UP.

M for Marketing: The word “Marketing” is often derided upon as if it is a bad word! As a marketing professional myself, I have resented it often. And I have said that Marketing is not a bad thing at all and is a critical element in a product’s success or failure. In political arena, for a leader or for a party, it is not just enough to perform. But it is important to be “seen as performing”! In that sense, BJP as a party and Modi as a leader are miles ahead in terms of marketing themselves.  Some would say that Modi’s success is all about just marketing! I tend to disagree. One should not forget the fundamental mantra that even great marketing cannot save a bad product!  One can write a separate blog on BJP’s marketing but turning the Chowkidar Chor hai slogan of Congress on its head as Main bhi Chowkidar campaign in its favour is one example of some great marketing by BJP!

M for Models: One reason for Modi in the 1st place to earn credibility in 2014 was his famed “Gujarat model”. This credibility is important for people to take your promises seriously. And this is the problem with the opposition today. The main opposition party doesn’t have any credible model to point the people to! If today, the Congress promises “Nyay”, people are reluctant to take it seriously. Because, even in states which are ruled by Congress, they find it difficult to hold on. If Congress has to be taken seriously in future, they need to develop their own “models” which they can positively refer to.

I hear some of you saying that it is all just one “M” which is Modi! No victory is accomplished with one factor. It is usually a combination of factors. I believe that in the making of Modi 2.0, the mantras were the above so many “M”s! Now that Modi 2.0 has been accomplished, it is time to look ahead and focus on the agenda for Modi 2.0.


Global Quantum Internet : Is it Really Possible @2025 ……….

Quantum Internet promises next-generation ultra-secure communications, but is it actually feasible on a global scale?

Absolutely, after a new experiment between satellites in orbit and a station on the ground. The team of scientists was able to exchange several carefully managed photons in infrared light pulses that were passed between Russian GLONASS Satellites and the Space Geodesy Center on the ground of the Italian Space Agency.

It is no easy task to run these signals through about 20,000 kilometers of air and space without interruption or data loss – but there are signs that such a global network could actually work.

“Space quantum communication (QC) is a promising way to ensure unconditional safety for satellite-to-ground and satellite-to-satellite optical communications by using quantum information protocols as quantum key distribution (QKD),” says one of the researchers, Giuseppe Vallone of the University from Padua in Italy.

The quantum key distribution or QKD method mentioned by Vallone refers to data that has been encrypted using quantum mechanics: Thanks to the delicate nature of the technology, interference is quickly detected so that QKD communication can not be intercepted.

Indeed, hacking into a quantum mechanics message would cause it to self-destruct. Theoretically so good, but it has proven difficult to keep these secure channels open over long distances.

The key to successful data exchange was the use of passive retroreflectors mounted on the satellite to keep the high beam signals intact, exceeding the previous record distance for this type of quantum communication by an additional 15,000 kilometers (9,321 miles).

Although satellites, like the GLONASS satellites higher in orbit, are more difficult to communicate more reliably, they are becoming more visible at ground level, allowing for an inextricable quantum network that can span the globe.

We’re just starting on this kind of technology – not least because scientists are still trying to figure out if it can actually work – and right now it’s not clear what a quantum internet is being used for or what it might be like.

One idea is that this can become a specialized, very secure extension of the normal Internet used by a small selection of apps and devices. What we now know is that quantum communication between the ground and elevated satellites is possible, thereby expanding the potential reach of the new technology. This is important as the satellite networks we rely on are constantly evolving and upgrading.

“Satellite-based technologies enable a wide range of civil, scientific and military applications such as communications, navigation and timing, remote sensing, meteorology, reconnaissance, search and rescue, space exploration and astronomy,” says Vallone.

“At the heart of these systems is the secure transmission of information and data from orbiting satellites to Earth’s ground stations, protecting them from a malicious enemy is crucial for both military and civilian operations.”

Reference- Quantum Science and Technology Inter-nation Journal, May 2018.

Graphene should Revolutionize the development of Wearable Electronic Devices Envolved !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Thanks to the application of the wonder material graphene, the quest for producing durable, affordable, and mass-produced “smart textiles” has been given a new push.

Headed by Professor Monica Craciun from the University of Exeter Engineering department, an international group of researchers has developed a novel method for producing fully electronic fibers that can be integrated into the production of day-to-day clothing.

The development of the current generation of wearable electronics involves fixing devices to fabrics, which could make them extremely rigid and prone to malfunctioning. However, in the latest study, the electronic devices are embedded in the material’s fabric, and this is done by coating electronic fibers with durable and lightweight components that will enable showing images directly on the fabric.

According to the scientists, the discovery could transform the development of wearable electronic devices for applications in many different day-to-day applications, and also medical diagnostics and health monitoring, like blood pressure and heart rates.

The international collaborative study has been reported in the scientific journal Flexible Electronics. Experts from the Centre for Graphene Science at the University of Exeter, CenTexBel in Belgium, and the Universities of Aveiro and Lisbon in Portugal took part in the study.

For truly wearable electronic devices to be achieved, it is vital that the components are able to be incorporated within the material, and not simply added to it.

Monica Craciun, Professor and Study Co-Author, Engineering Department, University of Exeter.

“Dr Elias Torres Alonso, former PhD student in Professor Craciun’s team at Exeter and now Research Scientist at Graphenea.”

“This new research opens up the gateway for smart textiles to play a pivotal role in so many fields in the not-too-distant future. By weaving the graphene fibres into the fabric, we have created a new technique to all the full integration of electronics into textiles. The only limits from now are really within our own imagination.”

Graphene is only one-atom thick, which makes it the thinnest substance with the ability to conduct electricity. It is also one of the strongest known materials and quite flexible. In recent years, the race has been on for engineers and scientists to adapt graphene for applications in wearable electronic devices.

The latest study applied existing polypropylene fibers—often employed in an array of commercial applications in the textile sector—to fix the novel, graphene-based electronic fibers to develop light-emitting and touch-sensor devices.

The innovative method means that the fabrics will be capable of integrating truly wearable displays but without the requirement for electrodes—wires of extra materials.

The incorporation of electronic devices on fabrics is something that scientists have tried to produce for a number of years, and is a truly game-changing advancement for modern technology.

“Saverio Russo, Professor and Study Co-Author, Physics Department, University of Exeter.”

The key to this new technique is that the textile fibres are flexible, comfortable and light, while being durable enough to cope with the demands of modern life.

“Dr Ana Neves, Study Co-Author, Engineering Department, University of Exeter.”

Earlier in 2015, an international group of researchers, including Dr Ana Neves, Professor Russo, and Professor Craciun from the University of Exeter, had developed a novel method to integrate flexible, transparent graphene electrodes into fibers often associated with the textile sector.

Graphene : The huge Perception is intimated to Semi-metal ripped >>>>>>>>>

Is Graphene the next big thing?

What’s graphene? It’s a two-dimensional carbon molecule mesh with individual carbon atoms arranged in a hexagon lattice. A single layer of carbon atoms in a kind of molecular crochet Or a kind of molecular atomic wire.

Graphene (via Wikipedia)

Think of a beehive honeycomb, but made of individual atoms. It’s the basic molecular structure from which many other allotropes of carbon are assembled, including graphite, diamond, charcoal, CNT & fullerenes.

Graphene has been around a while, discovered and re-discovered, but its very strange characteristics really began to be recognized in the 1990s. In fact, the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics went to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for their work on graphene. Graphene films are impervious to gas, have unusual electrical properties and are transparent to visible light, among other unusual properties. The obstacle to their widespread use is that they are difficult to make in the most useful, purest forms.

But the current excitement about graphene lies in their potential as a key component of a new generation of more powerful batteries. It turns out that if you take two graphene sheets and put lithium between them, you can pack the amount of lithium – and the potential for a high-density, high-powered battery – into the sandwich at very high levels. Instead of being stored as lithium carbide, as it is in a common lithium ion battery, it’s packed in as crystals of pure lithium, in a very dense form. The potential for energy storage may be as much as an order of magnitude higher than existing batteries.

Not that we are going to see those batteries in stores soon; there are still a lot of unresolved issues. Not only are the pure graphene sheets very difficult to make; the technologies that get the highest quality are not readily scalable. Nor does science know yet if graphene sheets will hold their structure longer than traditional carbon electrodes.

Graphene protective films? Flexible graphene semiconductors? Graphene room temperature superconductors? Still a ways out. But the promise of graphene is very encouraging.

Diwali: What’s the Festival of Joy and Prosperties @7 nov 2018

Households light dozens of little clay oil lamps, called diyas, to symbolise the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance. The word “Diwali,” or “Deepawali” in Sanskrit, means “a row of lamps” in Sanskrit. So in literal sense Diwali means “Festival of Diyas” and not festival of crackers!!! This Diwali […]

via Diwali!!! — Aishwarya Jaju

LHC physicists finally uncover Higgs Bossom ‘bottom’ decay Exclusive \\\\\\

The two largest experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), ATLAS and CMS, have observed a previously undetected way that the Higgs boson can decay — into an elementary particle called the bottom quark, and its antiparticle._Nature

via LHC physicists finally uncover Higgs ‘bottom’ decay — Χείλων

Dark Matter Growing day by day in Space: How We Ignore this >>>>>>>>>

Dark matter has been one of the greatest astronomical mysteries for a very long time. It was first speculated as far back as the 1600’s, not long after Newton presented his theory of gravity, as astronomers considered objects that may emit little or no light but could instead be observed by their gravitational effect on […]

via Dark Matter Interactions… ? — A Degree of Uncertainty